UNIT 2 CAREER PROSPECTS PART 1 DISCUSSION - Практичний курс англійської мови навчальний посібник з практики усного...

^ UNIT 2 CAREER PROSPECTS PART 1 DISCUSSION Project 1 The Right Job for You 1.1 Group discussion.
a) Work alone. Write a description of the profession you have chosen as a future career, and the qualities needed by people in this profession. Read out your description and exchange your opinions as to what qualities are the most and the least important.

b). Work alone. Write a description of some other profession r, and the qualities needed by people in this profession. Do not say what the profession is. Read out your descriptions for others to guess the profession.
1.2 Act out a dialogue discussing your future/ present job based on the information developed above. Before performing think of other arguments you might use to back up your opinion.
Future job

Present job


1.3 Think of ten professions. A firm of occupational consultants divided the modern professional world into four areas of work. Which area of work do you think each of the 10 professions belongs to?

People:

Procedures and Systems:

Communications and the Arts:

Science and Engineering:
1.4 After you have answered the quiz “ Communication and the Arts” open the group discussion.
^ Simply indicate whether you think the statements are true or false. Circle only one alternative for each.

I would like to present TV programs

A

C

I sometimes find it difficult to say what I mean

C

A

I think I could write good short stories

A

C

I could do drawings for new designs

B

C

My knowledge of the arts is rather limited

C

B

I prefer doing practical things to reading or creative writing

C

A

I rarely notice the design of clothes

C

B

I enjoy talking to others about their opinions

A

C

I am full of creative ideas

B

C

I find most fiction rather uninteresting

C

A

I am not very inventive

C

B

I am a very down-to-earth person

C

A

I would like to exhibit my photographs or paintings for others to see

B

C

I could design something which was very attractive

B

C

Translating foreign languages would appeal to me

A

C

Unconventional people make me feel uncomfortable

C

B

^ Ignore all C responses. They simply indicate a lack of interest in this area.

Count Total A__________ Total B _________ Total A+B ___

A higher A than B should point you towards the media, literature and languages. Occupations include: journalist, radio or television researcher, advertising copywriter, translator or public relations officer.

A higher B than A score indicates that you are more suited to design and the visual arts. Careers include: graphic designer, cartographer, architect, interior designer, window dresser, theatrical designer, fashion designer or photographer.

Total A+B 0-4- shows very little interest in this area, 5-12 is about average. A score of 13 and over shows a strong interest.
^ Project 2 Planning the On-Job Training. Role play

1.5 Read the following selection. The issue discussed is the job training. Consider each of the presented facts and explain in what ways should the staff keep its level high.


Employee Training

During and after World War II, in-service training by employers became a common practice. The rapid changeover in industry from peace to war led to training schemes for semiskilled workers, for workers transferred to new jobs, and for women newly brought into industry. Thereafter, the rapid contemporary advance of technological change made training a necessity in almost all walks of life. At the operating level in industry and in public utilities, new techniques, new methods, new tools, new synthetics, new sources of power, and increased uses of automation have brought extensive changes in the past decades, and the rate of change tends to increase as time goes on. Comparable changes are taking place in the office with the extended use of computers and data processors, which provide for the storing and recall of information in amounts unknown 20 years ago. All of this brought about a new approach to training. Great emphasis is now placed on a good start through initial job training, supplemented by orientation sessions or by attractively produced printed material describing the nature and objectives of the employment and the conditions of work. Since changes are frequent with technological advances, refresher training has become common in clerical as well as in industrial work. For the more technical skills, it is quite common in the United States for the large employer to make arrangements with a university to set up special courses; in Great Britain it is more usual to encourage employees to attend regular class facilities to obtain technical certificates. Sometimes this is achieved by "sandwich" training, periods on the job alternating with periods at a technical institute. Many employers encourage further education by paying tuition fees or by allowing free time to attend classes. Some very large corporations have developed their own systems of technical classes, supplementary to direct job training. This widespread interest in training has led to considerable innovation in method. Formal lectures have given way to group discussion. The case-study method has become popular; a problem situation is presented in considerable detail and trainees are asked to make suggestions for its solution. Another new technique is role-playing. Members of the training staff create a situation by playacting, and the trainees either comment on what is taking place or participate in the attempt to find a solution, or they perform functions or services in conditions that simulate their working environment. Attention also has been given to audiovisual aids. Sensitivity training has been introduced to help individuals to study their own behaviour and reactions to one another by means of group discussion in which there is frank analysis of interrelationships between members of the group.


1.6 In this article taken from Encyclopedia Britannica the word “training” appears 13 times. Translate the expressions containing this word and try to substitute it with a synonymic word or expression. What Ukrainian realia do they correspond to? Give your translations.
Reference list: training- preparation, teaching, guidance, education, schooling instruction, exercise.

1.7 Role play. Work in groups.
a) Role play situation 1. Students A and B represent the top managerial. The problem discussed is searching the ways of increasing the sales of… Here is an example of a role play performed and prepared by the students of the English Department (group RP-2000-2)

The board meeting of the company “Ukr XZW”

  1. The executive Director- Maksymova Irina

  2. The Sales manager- Nikitenko Tatiana

  3. The Research & Development Manager- Petrukhina Anna

  4. The Finance manager- Levin Maksim

  5. The Personnel Manager- Zakharova Maryna



- The Executive Director: Good afternoon. Let me start our Board Meeting. Today we have a lot of problems to discuss but the most troubling issue is that the sales figures of our company have fallen. Tatiana, what are the reasons for that?


- ^ The Sales Manager: I should say there is a decline in sales in our company. The demand for our cars has decreased. I think our employees should attend regular class facilities to obtain technical certificates. We might provide the so-called “sandwich training”- the periods of the job alternating with periods at technical institute. It’s the most modern and reasonable approach in training employees.

- ^ The Finance Manager: I can’t agree with you. Actually, it’s impossible ’cos it’s too expensive for our company. Now we experience hard times and everyone should economize and avoid extra expenses.

- The Executive Director: Anna, what can your department suggest?

- The Research & Development Manager: I consider we should provide direct job training within our company. I believe we could send some of our employees abroad. Many large corporations developed this system and this experience was rather successful. We should send a group of our employees to Germany and Japan so that they could study the new technologies developed by VW and MITSUBISHI.

-^ The Executive Director: Maksim, to your mind, can our company afford it?

-The Finance Manager: I see Anna’s point of view. But it would be better to establish in-service training. It’s more profitable to invite the professionals from Germany and Japan in order to teach our staff new methods and techniques.

- ^ The Executive Director: Maryna, what’s your opinion? Will this type of training work with our employees?

- The Personnel Manager :I suppose, it will. But we should add sensitivity training to the in-service. It will influence our employees’ interrelationship and increase the “UKR XZW” productivity in future.

-^ The Executive Director: Maksim, do you think we can afford sensitivity training?

-The Finance Manager: I believe we can hire only one psychologist.

- The Personnel Manager: One is quite enough.

-The Sales Manager: As for …

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